|Hebrew Alphabet: Transliteration
The process of writing Hebrew words in the Roman (English) alphabet is known as transliteration. Transliteration is more an art than a science, and opinions on the correct way to transliterate words vary widely. This is why the Jewish festival of lights (in Hebrew, Chet-Nun-Kaf-He) is spelled Chanukah, Chanukkah, Hanuka, and many other interesting ways. Each spelling has a legitimate phonetic and orthographic basis; none is right or wrong.
festival of lights - Chanukkah Candle Lighting Blessings
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One candle is added to the menorah each night. The first night, you light only the shammus (servant, the one at a different height) and one Chanukkah candle. By the eighth night, you light all of the candles.
Candles should be added to the menorah from right to left (like Hebrew writing). See animation at right. The shammus candle is lit first.
Candles should be left burning until they go out on their
own. They must burn for more than half an hour. Standard Chanukkah candles
burn for about an hour.